United States - Final Countervailing Duty Determination with Respect to Certain Softwood Lumber from Canada - Recourse by Canada to Article 21.5 of the DSU - Ab-2005-8 - Report of the Appellate Body

World Trade Organization WT/DS257/AB/RW 5 December 2005 (05-5764) Original: English UNITED STATES – FINAL COUNTERVAILING DUTY DETERMINATION WITH RESPECT TO CERTAIN SOFTWOOD LUMBER FROM CANADA Recourse by canada to Article 21.5 of the DSU ab-2005-8 Report of the Appellate Body I. Introduction 1 II. Arguments of the Participants and the Third Participants 6 A. Claims of Error by the United States – Appellant 6 B. Arguments of Canada – Appellee 12 C. Arguments of the Third Participants 16 1. China 16 2. European Communities 17 III. Issues Raised in this Appeal 19 IV. Scope of Article 21.5 of the DSU 20 A. Background and Procedural History 20 B. Introduction to the Principal Issue on Appeal 24 C. The Scope of Proceedings under Article 21.5 of the DSU 26 1. Text, Context, Object and Purpose 26 2. Examination of Previous Cases 30 3. Summary 32 4. Review of the Panel's Approach 33 D.