Committee on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures - GNP per capita calculations for all WTO Members using the methodology in G/SCM/38 - Note by the Secretariat

GNP per capita CALCULATIONS for ALL WTO Members
USING THE methodology in G/SCM/38

Note by the Secretariat

This document, presented by the Secretariat on its own responsibility, was prepared in response to a request made at the July meeting of the Council for Trade in Goods with respect to the proposal by the LDC Group regarding measures to allow graduated LDCs, with GNP below USD1000, benefits pursuant to Annex VII (b) of the of the Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures ("SCM Agreement")[1]. The request was for the Secretariat staff servicing the SCM Committee to present, for all WTO Members: (i) GNI[2] per capita in constant 1990 dollars covering the three most recent years for which data are available (2017-2019), using the methodology applied to Members listed in Annex VII(b) of the SCM Agreement pursuant to the 2001 Ministerial Decision[3],[4]; and (ii) GNI per capita in current dollars.[5] Both sets of data are provided in the attached tables for the years 2017‑2019 for all WTO Members for which the relevant data are available.

For the Members listed in Annex VII(b) – indicated in the tables with an asterisk (*) – the figures are those presented in the G/SCM/110/… document series. For the remaining Members, the calculations were made by applying as closely as possible the methodology set forth in document G/SCM/38, subject to data limitations. When it was not possible to precisely apply the agreed methodology due to lack of necessary data, the outcomes of calculations were indicated in brackets with additional explanations in the footnotes.[6]



[1] WT/GC/W/742 - G/C/W/752.

[2] The World Bank data series formerly identified as Gross National Product ("GNP") is now published as Gross National Income ("GNI"). This change reflects the implementation of the System of National Accounts 1993 ("SNA 93"). Although the underlying concepts are different (GNP being a measure of product, and GNI being a measure of income), the values calculated are the same.

[3] The referenced methodology, contained in document G/SCM/38, is to calculate the per capita GNI in 1990 constant dollars for the Members listed in Annex VII(b) of the SCM Agreement as required by paragraph 10.1 of the 2001 Ministerial Decision on Implementation Related Issues and Concerns (WT/MIN(01)/17).

[4] For WTO Members other than those listed in Annex VII(b) of the SCM Agreement, in accordance with the agreed methodology in G/SCM/38 which is used to generate the figures for the Members listed in Annex VII(b), the data on the GNP per capita at constant 1995 dollars for the period 1990-1999 were drawn from World Development Indicators ("WDI") 2001 which were then converted to indices (1990 = 100). These indices were applied to the dollar value of 1990 GNP per capita at 1990 prices and exchange rates as drawn from the World Bank Atlas 1992. In order to follow the same methodology in G/SCM/38, step 3, values of GNI per capita at constant 1990 dollars for the period 1990 - 1999 were not modified with the latest revision of the series obtained from the World Bank. To derive GNI per capita at constant 1990 dollars for 2000, the growth rates for 2000 over 1999 at constant 1995 dollars, derived as foreseen in G/SCM/38 table B, have been applied to the 1999 GNI per capita values in constant 1990 dollars, as set forth in G/SCM/38, table C. Similarly, the growth rates of 2001 over 2000, 2002 over 2001, 2003 over 2002, 2004 over 2003, 2005 over 2004, 2006 over 2005, 2007 over 2006, 2008 over 2007, 2009 over 2008, 2010 over 2009, 2011 over 2010, 2012 over 2011, 2013 over 2012, 2014 over 2013, 2015 over 2014, 2016 over 2015, 2017 over 2016, 2018 over 2017, and 2019 over 2018 have been applied to data for 2000, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, and 2018, respectively.

[5] For the Members listed in Annex VII(b), the values of GNI per capita in current dollars are those as circulated in the G/SCM/110/… document series. For the remaining Members, the relevant values were drawn from the 2021 revision of the economic indicators as received from the World Bank on 19 March 2021 for the purpose of preparing the document G/SCM/110/Add.18.

[6] In case of unavailability of alternative data sources to substitute the missing data which are required to apply the agreed methodology in G/SCM/38 this was indicated as "NA" in the table.