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Committee on Trade and Environment - Special Session - Matrix on trade measures pursuant to selected multilateral environmental agreements - Note by the Secretariat - Revision
作者:WTO Secretariat
文件編號:TN/TE/S/5/Rev.7, WT/CTE/W/160/Rev.9


Note by the Secretariat[1]


1.  This Matrix provides background information on trade-related measures pursuant to selected Multilateral Environmental Agreements (MEAs). This revision, prepared in consultation with the MEA Secretariats and InforMEA[2] (UNEP) staff, presents updated information (e.g. membership, decisions and other major developments) on MEAs.[3]

2.  The WTO Secretariat periodically updates this document in light of developments. As the coverage of the Matrix continues to be updated and streamlined to focus on multilateral agreements, some agreements with a regional focus are no longer covered, namely the Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) and the International Convention for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT).[4] The Matrix currently includes information on the following MEAs, including Agreements, Conventions and Protocols:

  • Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES);
  • United Nations Fish Stocks Agreement (UNFSA);
  • Agreement on Port State Measures (PSMA);
  • International Tropical Timber Agreement (ITTA);
  • International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC);
  • Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD);
  • Nagoya Protocol on Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of Benefits Arising from their Utilization to the Convention on Biological Diversity;
  • Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity;
  • Nagoya – Kuala Lumpur Supplementary Protocol on Liability and Redress to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety;
  • Montreal Protocol and the Vienna Convention on Substances that Deplete the Ozone Layer;
  • United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement;
  • Basel Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal;
  • Rotterdam Convention on the Prior Informed Consent Procedure for Certain Hazardous Chemicals and Pesticides in International Trade;
  • Stockholm Convention on Persistent Organic Pollutants; and
  • Minamata Convention on Mercury.

3.  Information for each of these MEAs has been provided in 6 Sub-Sections and an Annex.

4.  Sub-section 1 provides the following information for each MEA:

a.    Website;

b.    Objective of the MEA;

c.    Date of Signature/Adoption;

d.    Entry into force (Date/Provision);

e.    Number of Parties to the MEA;

f.     Number of WTO Members party to the MEA;

g.    Openness of Membership;

h.    Decision-Making Bodies; and

i.     Provisions relating to Amendments and Protocols.

5.  Sub-section 2 contains information on the trade-related measures of each MEA, including any requirements or restrictions on imported or exported products or trade in transit. Information under this section is divided, where applicable, into two further sub-sections:

a.    Provisions of the MEA; and

b.    Decisions of the Decision-Making Bodies.

6.  Sub-section 3 provides information on supportive measures, such as technology transfer, and financial or technical assistance under the provisions of the MEA.

7.  Sub-section 4 explains the mechanism set out in the MEA for the non-compliance of a party.

8.  Sub-section 5 lists the dispute settlement mechanisms in the MEA.

9.  Sub-section 6 sets out the provisions relating to non-parties of the MEA.

10.  The Annex to this document provides a comparative table of WTO and MEA membership.



[1] This document has been prepared under the Secretariat's own responsibility and is without prejudice to the positions of Members or to their rights and obligations under the WTO.

[2] InforMEA is the United Nations Information Portal on Multilateral Environmental Agreements. To access the portal, click here.

[3] Previous versions of this Matrix are contained in documents WT/CTE/W/160 of 19 September 2000, WT/CTE/W/160/Rev.1 of 14 June 2001, Rev.2 of 25 April 2003, Rev.3 of 16 February 2005, Rev.4 of 14 March 2007, Rev.5 of 15 June 2011, Rev.6 of 4 October 2013, Rev.7 of 4 September 2015 and Rev.8 of 9 October 2017.

[4] See minutes of November 2017 CTE meeting, WT/CTE/M/64, para 1.12.