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Sub-Committee on Cotton - Feasibility study on "transferring technologies and know-how for the development of cotton by-products in Chad"
日期:2021/02/19
作者: Chad
文件編號:WT/CFMC/W/86
附件下載:WTCFMCW86.pdf
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FEASIBILITY STUDY ON "TRANSFERRING TECHNOLOGIES AND KNOW‑HOW
FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF COTTON BY‑PRODUCTS IN CHAD"

The following communication, dated 12 November 2020, is being circulated at the request of the delegation of Chad.[1]

 

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CONTENTS

CONTENTS. 2

LIST OF TABLES. 3

LIST OF CHARTS. 4

ACRONYMS AND ABBREVIATIONS. 5

SUMMARY. 6

1  GENERAL FRAMEWORK OF THE STUDY. 7

1.1  Background and rationale of the study. 7

1.2  Aims of the study. 7

1.3  Study methodology. 7

1.3.1  Overall approach. 7

1.3.2  Key stages of the study. 7

1.3.2.1  Literature review. 7

1.3.2.2  Data collection and processing. 7

2  BASELINE FOR THE STUDY. 8

2.1  Size of the cotton sector and its role in Chad. 8

2.2  Literature review and definition of the terms coproduits, sous‑produits and produits dérivés in relation to cotton. 8

2.2.1  Background and developments in the cotton sector in Chad. 8

2.2.2  Performance over 10 years (2009-10 to 2018-19) 11

2.2.2.1  Seed cotton, cotton lint and cottonseed production. 11

2.2.2.2  Estimation of availability of cottonseed oil 12

2.2.2.3  Estimation of availability of cottonseed meal 12

2.2.2.4  Estimation of availability of cottonseed hulls. 13

2.2.2.5  Estimation of availability of cotton stalks. 14

2.2.3  Impact of cotton growing. 14

2.2.3.1  Food crops. 14

2.2.3.2  Farmer/household income. 15

2.2.4  Definition of the terms coproduits, sous‑produits and produits dérivés in relation to cotton. 15

2.2.4.1  Cottonseed. 16

2.2.4.2  Cottonseed kernels. 16

2.2.4.3  Cottonseed meal 17

2.2.4.4  Linters. 17

2.2.4.5  Hulls. 17

2.2.4.6  Gossypol 18

2.2.4.7  Use of cotton stalks. 18

2.3  Current status of by‑product manufacturers and production techniques. 20

2.3.1  CotonTchad SN. 20

2.3.2  ABOUFATIMA, a private company. 20

2.4  Value chains of priority by‑products. 20

3  DIAGNOSIS OF THE COTTON SECTOR IN CHAD. 21

3.1  Stakeholders and their roles in production. 21

3.1.1  The Chadian State. 21

3.1.2  CotonTchad SN. 21

3.1.3  Seed cotton producers. 23

3.1.4  Chadian Institute of Agricultural Research for Development (ITRAD) 23

3.1.5  National Rural Development Agency (ANADER) 23

3.1.6  Banks. 23

3.1.7  Private transport operators. 23

3.1.8  Suppliers. 24

3.2  Policy environment analysis: legal and regulatory frameworks for the production of by‑products. 24

4  ANALYSIS OF COTTON BY‑PRODUCTS AND DERIVATIVEs IN CHAD. 24

4.1  Strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats (SWOT) for expansion of each product 24

4.2  By‑products in the seed‑crushing subsector 25

4.2.1  Mapping of operators in the subsector 25

4.2.2  By‑products in the subsector 25

4.3  Markets for products and by‑products. 27

4.3.1  Cotton lint 27

4.3.2  Linters. 27

4.3.3  Seed. 28

4.3.4  Meal 28

4.3.5  Oil 28

5  IDENTIFICATION AND order of PRIORITy OF BY‑PRODUCTS TO BE EXPLOITED IN CHAD. 29

5.1  Meal 29

5.2  Hulls. 29

5.3  Cotton stalks. 29

5.4  Order of priority for products. 29

6  CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS. 31

BIBLIOGRAPHICAL REFERENCES. 32

LIST OF TABLES

Table 1: Revenue per hectare for cotton, groundnuts, sesame, maize and sorghum in cotton‑growing areas in Chad. 15

Table 2: Volume of seed used to produce oil and meal 20

Table 3: SWOT analysis for expansion of the lint market 24

Table 4: SWOT analysis for expansion of cottonseed production. 25

Table 5: SWOT analysis for expansion of oil production. 25

Table 6: SWOT analysis for expansion of cottonseed meal production. 26

Table 7: SWOT analysis for expansion of hull production. 26

Table 8: SWOT analysis for expansion of the utilization of cotton stalks. 27

Table 9: Order of priority for ginning by‑products and cotton stalks. 30

LIST OF CHARTS

Chart 1: Former administrative map of Chad showing the cotton production area. 10

Chart 2: Seed cotton land area, production and yields. 11

Chart 3: Cottonseed and lint output, 2009–19. 11

Chart 4: Cottonseed oil output, 2009–19. 12

Chart 5: Meal and seed production, 2009–19. 13

Chart 6: Hull production, 2009–19. 13

Chart 7: Estimated quantity of stalks produced, 2009–19. 14

Chart 8: Proportions of by‑products obtained from seed cotton. 16

Chart 9: Cotton linter production over 10 years. 28



[1] The content of this communication corresponds to that of a study by the independent consultants Mr Alexis Hougni and Mr Michel Naitormbaide, as presented in the Thematic Session on Cotton By-Products Development in LDCs on 12 November 2020.