Green_Earth
消息 | 簡介 | 相關文件 | 相關網站
Committee on Trade and Development - Notification of preferential trade arrangement - United Kingdom
日期:2021/02/02
作者:United Kingdom
文件編號:WT/COMTD/PTA4/N/1
附件下載:WTCOMTDPTA4N1.pdf
因為版本問題,開啟附件時可能會出現錯誤訊息,如「檔案已損毀」的訊息,請您忽略此訊息,即可正常開啟

NOTIFICATION of preferential trade arrangement

1.

Notifying Member: United Kingdom

2.

Date of notification: 28 January 2021

3.

Notification provision in the Transparency Mechanism for Preferential Trade Arrangements (WT/L/806):

[X] Paragraph 1(a)

(PTAs falling under paragraph 2 of the Enabling Clause, with the exception of paragraph 2(c))

[   ] Paragraph 1(b)

(PTAs taking the form of preferential treatment accorded by any Member to products of least-developed countries)

[   ] Paragraph 1(c)  

(Any other non-reciprocal preferential treatment to products authorised under the WTO Agreement)

4.

Number of beneficiaries (including of any sub-schemes):

Total number of beneficiaries: 70

Least Developed Country Beneficiaries: 47

General Framework Beneficiaries: 15

Enhanced Framework Beneficiaries: 8

 

5.

Date of entry into force: 01 January 2021

6.

Date of last renewal (if applicable): N/A

7.

Brief description of the Preferential Trade Arrangement:

Beneficiary countries

1.      The UK GSP will broadly replicate the market access available to developing countries under EU GSP. 70 countries currently benefit from the United Kingdom ("UK") Generalised Scheme of Preferences ("GSP").

2.      Schedule 1 of the Trade Preference Scheme (EU Exit) Regulations 2020 lists the countries that benefit from the General Framework ("GF") or the Enhanced Framework ("EF"). Schedule 3 of the Taxation (Cross-Border Trade) Act 2018 lists the countries that benefit from the Least Developed Country Framework ("LDCF").

Tariff treatment

3.     The UK GSP provides duty-free, quota-free treatment for all products except for arms and ammunition from Least Developed Countries ("LDC") to the UK. It also removes import duties on certain product lines from countries deemed economically vulnerable who commit to implement 27 international conventions on human and labour rights, environment and good governance, and reduces import duties on certain product lines from other developing countries.

4.     The UK GSP has three frameworks providing different levels of market access.

(a)   LDCF: This provides "duty-free, quota-free" market access to LDC (as classified by the UN on all goods except for arms and ammunition). This fulfils the international commitment in the Sustainable Development Goals to provide such market access to LDC.

(b)  GF: This reduces import duties on those product lines set out in the "GSP Specified Goods Table", contained in Schedule 5 of the Trade Preference Scheme (EU Exit) Regulations 2020, for goods originating from countries that have not been classified as upper middle-income or high-income countries by the World Bank for three consecutive years. 

(c)  EF: This removes import duties on those product lines set out in the "GSP Specified Goods Table". This is conditional on a country meeting an economic vulnerability test and the effective implementation of 27 international conventions on human rights, labour rights, environment and good governance as set out in Schedule 2 of the Trade Preference Scheme (EU Exit) Regulations 2020.

Graduation

5.     The UK GSP grants countries at least a three-year graduation period as countries graduate between frameworks or out of the GSP. LDC will remain in the LDCF for at least three years after the UN has graduated their LDC status. Countries in the GF and EF will remain in their respective frameworks until they have been classified as upper-middle income countries or high-income countries for at least three consecutive years. This transition period is intended to support continuity and sustainable development.

6.     The Trade Preference Scheme (EU Exit) Regulations 2020 provide for goods graduation, which is the mechanism for suspending the preferential import duty rates for goods originating from specified countries, which are already highly competitive without trade preferences. The rules for calculating whether goods should be graduated are explained in Schedule 3 of the Trade Preference Scheme (EU Exit) Regulations 2020. The countries and the goods subject to graduation are specified in notices available on the UK government website (gov.uk). These replicate the EU GSP current list of graduated goods from 2020-2022. It is intended that UK trade flow data will be used to assess which goods to graduate starting on 1 January 2023 and every three years thereafter.

Country coverage and eligibility

7.     The UK may remove trade preferences in limited circumstances listed in Part 9 of the Trade Preference Scheme (EU Exit) Regulations 2020. In such circumstances, an opportunity will be provided to consider any representations from the country affected prior to the removal of preferences taking effect.

Other

8.     Specific arrangements may apply in Northern Ireland including by virtue of the Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland The full text of the Protocol on Ireland/Northern Ireland can be accessed via: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/new-withdrawal-agreement-and-political-declaration. Further details on the operation of the Protocol can be found at  _https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/the-northern-ireland-protocol.

8.

Text and any related instruments (e.g. regulations, annexes, schedules, protocols) are:

[X] submitted to the WTO Secretariat (electronic format) in English

[X] available from the following official Internet link(s) in English:

1.    Trade Preference Scheme (EU Exit) Regulations 2020:

https://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2020/1438/contents/made

 

2.     Explanatory Memorandum to the Trade Preference Scheme (EU exit):

https://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2020/1438/memorandum/contents

 

3.     The Customs (Origin of Chargeable: Trade Preference Scheme) (EU Exit) Regulations 2020:

https://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2020/1436/contents/made

 

4.     Explanatory Memorandum for Origin of Chargeable Goods: Trade Preference Scheme Regulations 2020:

https://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2020/1436/memorandum/contents

 

5.     UK GSP Suspension Notice:

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/uk-generalised-scheme-of-preferences-trade-arrangement-suspension

 

6.     UK GSP Customs co-operation requirements:

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/uk-generalised-scheme-of-preferences-customs-co-operation-requirements

 

7.     UK GSP proof of origin notice:

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/notices-to-be-made-under-the-customs-origin-of-chargeable-goods-trade-preference-scheme-eu-exit-regulations-2020