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Committee on Trade and Environment - Communication on trade and environmental sustainability - Communication from Australia; Canada; Chad; Chile; Costa Rica; European Union; the Gambia; Fiji; Iceland; Japan; Kazakhstan; Korea, Republic of; Liechtenstein; Maldives; Mexico; Moldova, Republic of; Montenegro; New Zealand; North Macedonia; Norway; Senegal; Singapore; Switzerland; the Separate Customs Territory of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu; and the United Kingdom - Revision
日期:2020/12/11
作者:Committee on Trade and Environment
文件編號:WT/CTE/W/249/Rev.1
附件下載:WTCTEW249R1.pdf
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communication on trade and Environmental Sustainability

Communication from Australia; Canada; Chad; Chile; Costa Rica; European Union; the Gambia; Fiji; Iceland; Japan; Kazakhstan; Korea, Republic of; Liechtenstein; Maldives; Mexico; Moldova, Republic of; Montenegro; New Zealand; North Macedonia; Norway; Senegal; Singapore; Switzerland; the Separate Customs Territory of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu; and the United Kingdom

Revision

_______________

 

1.       We, the following Members of the WTO: Australia; Canada; Chad; Chile; Costa Rica; European Union; the Gambia; Fiji; Iceland; Japan; Kazakhstan; Korea, Republic of; Liechtenstein; Maldives; Mexico; Moldova, Republic of; Montenegro; New Zealand; North Macedonia; Norway; Senegal; Singapore; Switzerland; the Separate Customs Territory of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu; and the United Kingdom note:

(a)  the importance of multilateral environmental agreements, including the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD), the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species to Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), the Paris Agreement and the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), among others;

 

(b)  there is an urgent need for action as highlighted by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), the Intergovernmental Science-policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES), the Global Soil Partnership (GSP) and the International Resource Panel (IRP);

 

(c)  that trade and environmental objectives and policies should be mutually supportive;

 

(d)  that international trade and trade policy, as key enablers of the transition towards a climate neutral, resource efficient, circular global economy, need to support global efforts towards the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and international environmental commitments, including efforts to reduce pollution; promote conservation, sustainable use and restoration of biodiversity; prevent overexploitation of natural resources, including marine fisheries and, land degradation, including deforestation and desertification; combat climate change and adapt to its effects; and promote more sustainable production and consumption, taking into account the importance of a just transition;

 

(e)  the human and social cost of the COVID-19 pandemic, its financial and other impacts on the global economy and trade, and the importance of ensuring an economic recovery compatible with advancing progress on the SDGs and other environmental objectives;

 

(f)   that the COVID-19 crisis has demonstrated the need to diversify and strengthen the resilience and sustainability of global supply chains to ensure stability of trade in the face of global challenges, such as pandemics, climate risks and impacts, and wider economic and trade risks presented by environmental degradation, biodiversity loss and natural disasters;

 

(g)  the need for a sustainable and inclusive approach to trade that considers the legitimate development requirements of many WTO Members;

 

(h)  that environmental sustainability should be one of the guiding principles of the wider reform of the WTO;

 

(i)   the current work on environmental issues in the WTO Committee on Trade and Environment (CTE) as well as other WTO regular Committees or Bodies where environment matters arise;

 

(j)   the recent and current efforts by a diversity of WTO Members to address and promote dialogue and information sharing at the WTO on issues where trade and environment policy intersect, including on circular economy, natural disasters, climate change, fossil fuel subsidies reform, plastic pollution, combatting illegal, unreported and unregulated fishing and ensuring legal and sustainable trade in wildlife, the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, the Blue economy and sustainable agriculture as well as trade in environmental goods and services;

 

(k)  the efforts, ranging from public-private partnerships to corporate social responsibility initiatives, by a diversity of relevant stakeholders, such as business and civil society organisations, on trade and environmental sustainability and the importance of creating and deepening dialogues between WTO members and these actors; and

 

(l)   the important role of trade, trade policy and the multilateral trading system, including the WTO, in supporting the international community's efforts towards achieving the SDGs and international environmental commitments through a forward-looking, focused, systematic and action-oriented dialogue.