|作者：||Committee on Trade and Development|
Preferential Trade Agreement between the Southern Common Market (MERCOSUR) and The Southern African Customs Union (SACU) (Goods)
Note on the meeting of 29 SEPTEMBER 2020
1. The 11th Dedicated Session on Regional Trade Agreements (RTAs) of the Committee on Trade and Development (CTD) was convened in document WTO/AIR/COMTD/RTA/6/Rev.2 of 18 September 2020. The meeting allowed for both in-person and virtual participation. Under item B (II) of the agenda, the Committee considered the Preferential Trade Agreement (PTA) between the Southern Common Market (MERCOSUR) and the Southern African Customs Union (SACU) (Goods) (WT/COMTD/RTA11/N/1, WT/COMTD/RTA11/1, WT/COMTD/RTA11/2). The present document contains the minutes relating to the consideration of this agreement.
2. The Chairman said that the PTA between MERCOSUR and the SACU was notified under paragraph 4(a) of the Enabling Clause on 19 July 2017. The notification was originally circulated on 20 July 2017 in document WT/COMTD/N/55. It was then re-circulated on 1 November 2019 in document WT/COMTD/RTA11/N/1, in accordance with the new symbols for notifications and subsequent documentation relating to RTAs agreed to by the CTD at its 108th Regular Session on 5 April 2019. The factual presentation on the agreement – contained in document WT/COMTD/RTA11/1 dated 7 November 2019 – had been prepared by the Secretariat on its own responsibility, and in full consultation with the parties. Written questions from Ecuador, as well as the replies from the parties, had been circulated in document WT/COMTD/RTA11/2.
3. The representative of Uruguay, on behalf of the MERCOSUR member States – Argentina, Brazil Paraguay and Uruguay – said that the MERCOSUR-SACU PTA represented a step towards strengthening economic and trade relations between the parties. The objective was to promote bilateral trade flows by means of mutual concessions, tariff preferences and other agreed conditions. Based on 2017 trade data, the MERCOSUR member States collectively were SACU's 9th largest source of imports and the 27th largest destination for exports. The SACU member States were collectively MERCOSUR's 33rd largest source of imports and destination for exports. The agreement envisaged preferential tariff access for a certain number of products from each party. It also provided a framework for strengthening cooperation in areas such as animal health; plant protection; standards; technical regulations and conformity assessment; food safety; and mutual recognition of sanitary and phytosanitary (SPS) measures. In addition, the agreement contained provisions on rules of origin, safeguard measures, dispute settlement procedures, and customs cooperation. The parties looked forward to responding to any further questions or comments from Members.
 The general minutes of the CTD's 11th Dedicated Session on RTAs are contained in document WT/COMTD/RTA/M/11.