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Committee on Agriculture - Trends in World Agricultural Trade - 25 years of the Agreement on Agriculture (AOA) - Background Paper for WTO agricultural symposium, 2 - 3 December 2020 - Note by the Secretariat
日期:2020/10/30
作者:WTO Secretariat
文件編號:WT/INF/224
附件下載:WTINF224.pdf
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Trends in world agricultural trade - 25 years of
the agreement on agriculture (A
oA)

background paper for wto agricultural symposium, 2-3 december 2020

NOTE BY THE SECRETARIAT[1]

Table of Contents

1   EXECUTIVE SUMMARY. 3

2   Introduction.. 3

3   key trends. 4

4   development of world trade of agricultural products. 4

4.1   World exports and imports of agricultural products. 4

4.2   Regional breakdown of world agricultural trade. 5

4.3   Main traders of agricultural products. 7

4.4   Top net exporters and net importers of agricultural products. 9

4.5   Top traded agricultural products. 10

5   World trade of selected agricultural products. 12

5.1   Soybeans. 12

5.2   Wheat and meslin. 14

5.3   Rice. 16

5.4   Meat and edible meat offal 18

5.5   Cotton. 20

6   food price movements. 22

7   Role of global value chains in agricultural trade. 22

ANNEX. 26

 

 


 

List of Tables

 

Table 1: Top 10 traders of soybeans, 2019 vs. 1995. 13

Table 2: Top 10 traders of wheat and meslin, 2019 vs. 1995. 15

Table 3: Top 10 traders of rice, 2019 vs. 1995. 17

Table 4: Top 10 traders of meat and edible meat offal, 2019 vs. 1995. 19

Table 5: Top 10 traders of cotton, 2019 vs. 1995. 21

List of Charts

 

Chart 1: World* trade of agricultural products, 1995-2019. 5

Chart 2: World* exports of agricultural products, by regions, 1995-2019. 6

Chart 3: World* trade of agricultural products (AoA), by regions, 1995 and 2019. 6

Chart 4: Top 10 exporters of agricultural products, 1995 and 2019. 7

Chart 5: Top 10 importers of agricultural products, 1995 and 2019. 8

Chart 6: Top 10 net exporters of agricultural products, 1995 and 2019. 9

Chart 7: Top 10 net importers of agricultural products, 1995 and 2019. 10

Chart 8: Top 15 imported agricultural products, 1995 and 2019. 11

Chart 9: World imports of soybeans (HS 1201), 1995-2019. 12

Chart 10: World imports of wheat and meslin (HS 1001), 1995-2019. 14

Chart 11: World imports of rice (HS 1006), 1995-2019. 16

Chart 12: World imports of meat and edible meat offal (HS 02), 1995-2019. 18

Chart 13: World imports of cotton (HS 5201-5203), 1995-2019. 20

Chart 14: Food price indices, 1995-2019. 22

Chart 15: Sectoral origin of value-added in world exports of agricultural products, 2015. 23

Chart 16: Major changes in economies' exports of agricultural products, by domestic and foreign value-added content and by region, 2005-2015. 24

Chart 17: Top 10 value-added contributors to world exports of agricultural products, 2015. 24

Chart 18: Top 20 exporters' share in world exports of agricultural products and their foreign value‑added content, 2015. 25

List of Annex Tables

 

Table 1: World trade of agricultural products (AoA), by regions, 1995-2019. 26

Table 2: Top 10 traders of agricultural products (excluding intra-EU trade), 2019 vs. 1995. 28

Table 3: World exports of agricultural products (AoA), by region and economy. 29

Table 4: World imports of agricultural products (AoA), by region and economy. 34

Table 5: Commodity price development for selected products, 1995-2019. 41

 




[1] This document has been prepared under the Secretariat's own responsibility and is without prejudice to the positions of Members or to their rights and obligations under the WTO.