Green_Earth
消息 | 簡介 | 相關文件 | 相關網站
Trade in Services - Afghanistan - Schedule of specific commitments
日期:2016/09/05
作者:Afghanistan
文件編號:GATS/SC/156
附件下載:SCHDGATS-SCSC156.doc
因為版本問題,開啟附件時可能會出現錯誤訊息,如「檔案已損毀」的訊息,請您忽略此訊息,即可正常開啟

AFGHANISTAN

Schedule of Specific Commitments

(This is authentic in English only)

 

 

_______________

 

 


AFGHANISTAN – SCHEDULE OF SPECIFIC COMMITMENTS

Mode of delivery:       (1)  Cross-border supply            (2)  Consumption abroad                    (3)  Commercial presence                  (4)   Presence of natural persons

Sectors and sub-sectors

Limitations on market access

Limitations on national treatment

Additional commitments

I.    HORIZONTAL COMMITMENTS

ALL SECTORS INCLUDED IN THIS SCHEDULE[1]

 

Immovable property

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(3) and (4) Only Afghan citizens and Afghan juridical persons have the right to own immovable property in Afghanistan.

 

(3) and (4) Foreign citizens or juridical persons conducting legal activities in Afghanistan could lease land from the state for up to 90 years (which could be extended).

 

 

 

As per Law on Mortgage of Immovable Property of  27 July 2009

 

 

 

 

 

 

Subsidies and other forms of state support

 

 

 

 

(1), (2), (3), (4) Unbound.  Subsidies and other forms of support is limited only to the citizens of Afghanistan and/or juridical persons of Afghanistan which are fully owned by Afghans.

 

Services procured by a Contractor pursuant to the Oil and Gas (Hydrocarbon) Law

 

(1), (2), (3), (4) 

Until 31 December 2020, Afghanistan may require Contractors to procure Afghan services that are similar and equivalent in quality, quantity, and price to foreign services.

 

Services procured by a License Holder pursuant to the Afghan Mineral Law

 

(1), (2), (3), (4) 

Until 31 December 2020,

Afghanistan may require a license holder to give priority the procurement of Afghan services provided they are substantially equivalent to foreign services in terms of quantity, quality and price.

 

Movement of natural persons

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated below concerning the temporary entry and stay of natural persons:

 

I.     Intra-corporate transferees (executives, managers and specialists)

 

("Intra-corporate transferee" shall mean a person employed by a legal entity other than a non-profit organization established in the territory of WTO Member, and who seeks temporary stay in order to supply services in Afghanistan through the commercial presence of his employer)

A natural person, employed by a legal entity or who had participation in it (but did not hold the controlling interest) for a period of not less than one year, who seeks temporary stay in order to render service to that legal entity's branch, affiliate or subsidiary engaged in similar business operations in the territory of Afghanistan.

 

 

(a)   Executives:  Individuals in the organization who mainly carry out direct management of the legal entity or set objectives and determine policies of the legal entity or the main component or functions of the legal entity, who have broad decision-making authority and are subject only to general supervision or guidance on the part of senior executives, the board of directors or the shareholders of the legal entity.

 

 

 

 

(b)   Managers:  Individuals in the organization who manage the legal entity or department or division of the legal entity, carry out control over work of other supervisory, professional or administrative personnel, have powers to hire and dismiss personnel or recommend the hire, dismissal or other personnel actions as well as carry out their personal authority in respect of day-to-day activities of the organization. 

 

(c)   Specialists:  Individuals in the organization who possess knowledge at an advanced level of expertise and a proprietary knowledge of the entity's products, services, operations, or management techniques.  This knowledge should reflect the required academic credentials and professional qualifications in Afghanistan for performing work within the scope of the particular profession. 

 

Entry for persons named in section (I) is permitted for a period of one year.  This period may be extended annually without restrictions.

 

 

II.   Other essential persons

 

(a)   Services sellers

 

A natural person, who temporarily stays in Afghanistan and who comes to Afghanistan for the purposes of participating in business meetings including negotiations in business contracts for the sale of services, and/or other similar activities.

 

Such a service seller shall not engage in direct sales or supply of services to the general public   

 

Entry and temporary stay for the foreign individuals specified in paragraph (II)(a) is permitted for 180 days during one year period.

 

(b)   Persons responsible for the establishment of commercial presence in Afghanistan

 

A natural person employed by a service supplier or responsible for the establishment of commercial presence in the following cases:

-      representatives of a service supplier are not engaged in direct supplies or sales of services; or

-      representatives of a service supplier are employed by an enterprise that does not have an affiliate or subsidiary in Afghanistan.

 

Entry for persons named in section (II)(b) is permitted for a period of one year.  This period may be extended annually without restrictions.

 

 

(c)   Persons who provide services without establishing commercial presence in Afghanistan (direct provision of services)

 

A natural person, who temporarily stays in Afghanistan and who comes to Afghanistan in accordance with a contract for direct provision of services and satisfies the requirements of professional qualifications, indicated in paragraph I(c) above.

 

Entry and temporary stay for the foreign individuals specified in paragraph (II)(c) is permitted for 180 days during one year period.

 

II.   SECTOR SPECIFIC COMMITMENTS

I.    BUSINESS SERVICES

1.    Professional Services

(a)   Legal Services

-      Advisory services on foreign and international law only

       (part of CPC 861)

-      Foreign lawyers can only represent foreign natural persons and foreign legal persons in Afghanistan which are headed by foreign nationals

 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section.

 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section.

 

(b)   Accounting and bookkeeping services

       (CPC 862 (except CPC 86211))

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section.

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section.

 

-      Auditing services

       (CPC 86211)

(1)   None, except official audit reports must be confirmed by an auditor or auditing firm of Afghanistan. 

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

 

 

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(c)   Taxation services (excluding legal services)

       (CPC 863)

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(d)   Architectural services

       (CPC 8671)

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(e)   Engineering services

       (CPC 8672)

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(f)    Integrated engineering services

       (CPC 8673)

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(g)   Urban planning and landscape architecture services

       (CPC 8674)

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

2.    Computer and Related Services

(a)   Consultancy services related to the installation of computer hardware

       (CPC 841)

 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(b)   Software implementation services

       (CPC 842)

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(c)   Data processing services

       (CPC 843)

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(d)   Data base services

       (CPC 844)

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(f)    Other computer services:

 

       -    Maintenance and repair services of office machinery and equipment including computers (CPC 845)

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

       -      Data preparation services

              (CPC 849)

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

3.    Research and Development Services

(a)   R&D services on natural science

       (CPC 851)

 

 

 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(b)   R&D services on social science and humanities

       (CPC 852)

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(c)   Interdisciplinary R&D services

       (CPC 853)

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

5.    Rental/Leasing Services without Operators

(a)   Relating to ships

       (CPC 83103)

 

 

 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(c)   Relating to other transport equipment

       (CPC 83101+83102)

 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section.  

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(d)   Relating to other machinery and equipment

       (CPC 83106-83109)

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(e)   Leasing or rental services concerning household goods  

       (CPC 832)

(1)   Unbound.

(2)   None.

(3)   None except that foreign investment should be no less than Afs 6 Million (around US$120,000) adjusted for inflation.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   Unbound.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

 

 

 

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

6.    Other Business Services

(a)   Advertising services

       (CPC 871)

 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(b)   Market research and public opinion polling services

       (CPC 864)

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(c)   Management consulting service

       (CPC 865)

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(d)   Services related to management consulting

       (CPC 866)

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(e)   Technical testing and analysis services

       (CPC 8676)

 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(g)   Services incidental to fishing

       (CPC 882)

 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(h)   Services incidental to mining

       (CPC 883+5115) only with respect to consulting services

 

 

(1)   Unbound.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   Unbound.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(i)    Services incidental to manufacturing

(CPC 884+885 except 88442)

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(j)    Services incidental to energy distribution

       (CPC 887) only with respect to consulting services

 

(1)   Unbound.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   Unbound.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section.

 

(m)  Related scientific and technical consulting services

       (CPC 8675)

 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(n)   Maintenance and repair of equipment (not including maritime vessels, aircraft or other transportation equipment)

       (CPC 8861-8866)

(1)   Unbound.

(2)   None.

(3)   None except that foreign investment should be no less than Afs 6 Million (around US$120,000) adjusted for inflation.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   Unbound.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

 

 

 

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(o)   Building-cleaning services

       (CPC 874)

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(p)   Photographic services (except for aerial photography)

       (CPC 875)

(1)   Unbound

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   Unbound

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(q)   Packaging services

       (CPC 876)

 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(s)   Convention services

       (CPC 87909)*

 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

II.   COMMUNICATION SERVICES

2.    Courier services[2]

       (CPC 7512)

 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

3.    Telecommunication services

Unless otherwise specified, the commitments scheduled by Afghanistan in this sector are based on the principles in the following two documents:  "Notes for Scheduling Basic Telecom Services Commitments" (S/GBT/W/2/Rev.1) and "Market Access Limitations on Spectrum Availability" (S/GBT/W/3)

Basic Telecommunications Services

(a)   Voice telephone services

       (CPC 7521)

 

(1)  None.

(2)  None.

(3)  None.

(4)  Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section.

 

(1)  None.

(2)  None.

(3)  None.

(4)  Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section.

The attached Reference Paper on regulatory principles is incorporated as additional commitments by Afghanistan.

 

 

(b)   Packet-switched data transmission services

       (CPC 7523**)

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(c)   Circuit-switched data transmission services

       (CPC 7523**)

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(d)   Telex services

       (CPC 7523**)

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(e)   Telegraph services

       (CPC 7522)

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(f)    Facsimile services

       (CPC 7521**+7529**)

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(g)   Private leased circuit services

       (CPC 7522**+7523**)

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section.

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section.

(o)   Other

-      Mobile voice and data services

       (CPC 75213)

-      Paging services

       (CPC 75291)

-      Teleconferencing services

       (CPC 75292)

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

Value-added Telecommunications Services

(h)   Electronic mail

       (CPC 7523**)

 

 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(i)    Voice mail

       (CPC 7523**)

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(j)    On-line information and database retrieval

       (CPC 7523**)

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(k)   Electronic data interchange (EDI)

       (CPC 7523**)

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(l)    Enhanced/Value-added facsimile services, including store and forward, store and retrieve

       (CPC 7523*)

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None, except for limitations outlined under voice telephone services

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

 

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(m)  Code and protocol conversion

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(n)   On-line information services and/or data processing (including transaction processing)

       (CPC 843**)

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

4.    Audiovisual Services

(a)   Motion picture and home video entertainment (including video tapes and digitally encoded video) distribution services (CPC 96113) to other industries for public entertainment, television broadcasting, or sale or rental to others.

 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None except foreign investment should be no less than Afs 6 Million (around US$120,000) adjusted for inflation.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section.

 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   Unbound.

 

 

 

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section.

 

III. CONSTRUCTION AND RELATED ENGINEERING SERVICES

For mode 3, foreign investment should be no less than Afs 6 Million (around US$120,000) adjusted for inflation

(a)   General construction work for buildings (CPC 512)

(1)   Unbound.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   Unbound.

(2)   None.

(3)   None

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(b)   General Construction work for civil engineering

       (CPC 513)

 

 

(1)   Unbound.

(2)   None.

(3)   None

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   Unbound.

(2)   None.

(3)   None

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(e)   Renting services related to equipment for construction

       (CPC 518)

(1)   Unbound.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   Unbound.

(2)   None.

(3)   None

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

IV. DISTRIBUTION SERVICES

The commitments below do not apply to distribution services related to pharmaceutical goods, medical and orthopaedic goods (CPC 63211); and medical equipment.

For mode 3, foreign investment should be no less than Afs 6 Million (around US$120,000) adjusted for inflation

(a)   Commission agents' services

       (CPC 621)

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(b)   Wholesale trade services

       (CPC 622)

 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

 

 

(c)   Retailing services

       (CPC 631+632+6111+6113 + 6121)

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(d)   Franchising

       (CPC 8929)

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

V.    EDUCATIONAL SERVICES

Commitments under educational services are limited to privately funded education services and exclude public education funded from government resources

(a)   Primary education services

       (CPC 921)

 

 

 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(b)   Secondary education services

       (CPC 922)

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(c)   Higher education services

       (CPC 923)

 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(d)   Adult education services

       (CPC 924)

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(e)   Other education services

       (CPC 929) including training services (e.g., language training; driver's education; executive/management training; information technology training); education testing services after‑school courses; educational programs offered during school breaks; tutoring and preparatory courses.

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

VI. ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES

(a)   Sewage services

       (CPC 9401)

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(b)   Refuse disposal services

       (CPC 9402)

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(c)   Sanitation and similar services

       (CPC 9403)

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(d)   Other

 

-      Cleaning services of exhaust gases

       (CPC 9404)

 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

-      Noise and vibration Abattement (Services (CPC 9405)

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

-Remediation and clean-up of soil and waters , protection of biodiversity and landscape (CPC 9406)

 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section.      

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section.

 

VII. FINANCIAL SERVICES

1.       All insurance services and insurance-related services

(i)      Direct insurance (including co-insurance):

          (A)  Life insurance services

 

 

(1)   Unbound.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

 

(1)   Unbound.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

          (B)  Non-life insurance services

(1)   Unbound except for insurance of risks relating to marine shipping, commercial aviation and space launching and freight (including satellites), with such insurance to cover any or all of the following: the goods being transported, the vehicle transporting the goods and any liability arising therefrom; and goods in international transit where none for all above in 6 years after the date of accession to the WTO.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   Unbound, except as for services covered in the MA column, where none in 10 years after the date of accession to the WTO.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(ii)   Reinsurance and retrocession services

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(iii)  Insurance intermediation, such as brokerage and agency

(1)   Unbound.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(iv)  Services auxiliary to insurance, such as consultancy, actuarial, risk assessment and claim settlement services

(1)   Unbound.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

2.    Banking and other financial services (excluding insurance)  

(v)   Acceptance of deposits and other repayable funds from the public

 

 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None for internationally reputable banks and specialized banks. Unbound for others.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

 

 

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(vi)  Lending of all types, including consumer credit, mortgage credit, factoring and financing of commercial transactions

      

(1)   Unbound.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   Unbound.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(viii) All payment and money transmission services, including credit, charge and debit cards, travellers cheques and bankers drafts

(1)   None except that Afghanistan has the right to impose limits on the amount of monies that can be transferred.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None except that Afghanistan has the right to impose limits on the amount of monies that can be transferred.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(vii) Financial leasing

 

(ix)  Guarantees and commitments

 

(x)   Trading for own account or for account of customers, whether on an exchange, in an over-the-counter market or otherwise, the following:

       -    money market instruments (including cheques, bills, certificates of deposits)

(1)   Unbound.

(2)   None.

(3)   Unbound.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   Unbound.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

       -    foreign exchange

       -    derivative products, including, but not limited to, futures and options

       -    exchange rate and interest rate instruments, including products such as swaps, forward rate agreements

       -    transferable securities

 

       -        other negotiable instruments, including bullion

 

 

 

(xi) Participation in issues of all kinds of securities, including underwriting and placement as agent (whether publicly or privately) and provision of services related to such issues

(xii) Money broking

 

 

 

(xiii) Asset management, such as cash or portfolio management, all forms of collective investment management, pension fund management, custodial depository and trust services       

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section

 

(xiv) Settlement and clearing services for financial assets, including securities, derivative products, and other negotiable instruments

 

(1)   Unbound.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(xv) Provision and transfer of financial information, financial data processing and related software by suppliers of other financial services

 

(xvi) Advisory, intermediation and other auxiliary financial services on all the activities, listed in paragraphs (v)-(xv), including credit reference and analysis, investment and portfolio research and advice, advice on acquisitions and on corporate restructuring and strategy

 

(1)   None, except for intermediation.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

VIII. HEALTH RELATED AND SOCIAL SERVICES

(a)   Hospital services, including Hospital Management Services

       (CPC 9311)

(1)   Unbound.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound

(1)   Unbound.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound

 

IX.   TOURISM AND TRAVEL RELATED SERVICES

(a)   Hotels and restaurants (including catering), including Hotel Management Services

       (CPC 641-643)

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

X.    RECREATIONAL, CULTURAL AND SPORTING SERVICES

(d)   Sporting services (CPC 9641) and other recreational services

       (CPC 9649) excluding gambling and betting services

 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

XI.   TRANSPORT SERVICES

1.      Maritime Transport Services (CPC 7211‑7214, 745**, 8868**)

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

3.    Air Transport Services

(a)   Aircraft repair and maintenance services (CPC 8868)

 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(b)   Sales and marketing of air transport services

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(c)   Computer Reservation System (CRS) ( as defined in the Annex in Air Transport )

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

8.    Services auxiliary to all modes of transport.

(a)   Cargo handling services

       (CPC741)

 

 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(b)   Storage and warehouse services

       (CPC 742)

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

(c)   Freight transport agency services

       (CPC 748)

 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

(1)   None.

(2)   None.

(3)   None.

(4)   Unbound, except as indicated in the horizontal section. 

 

 

 

_______________

 


REFERENCE PAPER

Scope

The following are definitions and principles on the regulatory framework for the basic telecommunications services. 

Definitions

Users mean service consumers and service suppliers. 

Essential facilities mean facilities of a public telecommunications transport network or service that

          (a)  are exclusively or predominantly provided by a single or limited number of suppliers; and,

        (b)    cannot feasibly be economically or technically substituted in order to provide a service.

A major supplier is a supplier which has the ability to materially affect the terms of participation (having regard to price and supply) in the relevant market for basic telecommunications services as a result of:

        (a)    control over essential facilities; or,

        (b)    use of its position in the market.

1.     Competitive safeguards

1.1   Prevention of anti-competitive practices in telecommunications

Appropriate measures shall be maintained for the purpose of preventing suppliers who, alone or together, are a major supplier from engaging in or continuing anti-competitive practices.

1.2   Safeguards

The anti-competitive practices referred to above shall include in particular:

        (a)    engaging in anti-competitive cross-subsidization; 

        (b)    using information obtained from competitors with anti-competitive results; and,

(c)     not making available to other services suppliers on a timely basis technical information about essential facilities and commercially relevant information which are necessary for them to provide services.

2.     Interconnection

2.1       This section applies to linking with suppliers providing public telecommunications transport networks or services in order to allow the users of one supplier to communicate with users of another supplier and to access services provided by another supplier, where specific commitments are undertaken.

2.2       Interconnection to be ensured

Interconnection with a major supplier will be ensured at any technically feasible point in the network.  Such interconnection is provided.

(a)     under non-discriminatory terms, conditions (including technical standards and specifications) and rates and of a quality no less favourable than that provided for its own like services or for like services of non-affiliated service suppliers or for its subsidiaries or other affiliates;

(b)     in a timely fashion, on terms, conditions (including technical standards and specifications) and cost-oriented rates that are transparent, reasonable, having regard to economic feasibility, and sufficiently unbundled so that the supplier need not pay for network components or facilities that it does not require for the service to be provided; and,

(c)     upon request, at points in addition to the network termination points offered to the majority of users, subject to charges that reflect the cost of construction of necessary additional facilities.

2.3   Public availability of the procedures for interconnection negotiations

The procedures applicable for interconnection to a major supplier will be made publicly available.

2.4       Transparency of interconnection arrangements

It is ensured that a major supplier will make publicly available either its interconnection agreements or a reference interconnection offer.

2.5   Interconnection:  dispute settlement

A service supplier requesting interconnection with a major supplier will have recourse, either:

        (a)    at any time; or,

(b)     after a reasonable period of time which has been made publicly known to an independent domestic body, which may be a regulatory body as referred to in paragraph 5 below, to resolve disputes regarding appropriate terms, conditions and rates for interconnection within a reasonable period of time, to the extent that these have not been established previously.

3.     Universal service

Any Member has the right to define the kind of universal service obligation it wishes to maintain.  Such obligations will not be regarded as anti-competitive per se, provided they are administered in a transparent, non-discriminatory and competitively neutral manner and are not more burdensome than necessary for the kind of universal service defined by the Member.

4.     Public availability of licensing criteria

Where a licence is required, the following will be made publicly available:

(a)     all the licensing criteria and the period of time normally required to reach a decision concerning an application for a licence; and,

        (b)    the terms and conditions of individual licences.

The reasons for the denial of a licence will be made known to the applicant upon request.

5.     Independent regulators

The regulatory body is separate from, and not accountable to, any supplier of basic telecommunications services.  The decisions of and the procedures used by regulators shall be impartial with respect to all market participants.

6.     Allocation and use of scarce resources

Any procedures for the allocation and use of scarce resources, including frequencies, numbers and rights of way, will be carried out in an objective, timely, transparent and non-discriminatory manner.  The current state of allocated frequency bands will be made publicly available, but detailed identification of frequencies allocated for specific government uses is not required.

 

__________



[1] The restrictions outlined in the horizontal section are applicable to all sectors in this schedule even if simply “none” is specified under the relevant mode in the sector specific commitments below.

[2] For the purposes of this schedule, courier services include the collection, transport, and delivery of documents, printed matter, and/or parcels on an expedited basis, while tracking and maintaining control of these items throughout the supply of the service.  This commitment does not include maritime transport services or services to which the Annex on Air Transport Services applies.