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Working Party on the Accession of Viet Nam - Accession of Viet Nam - Report of the Working Party on the Accession of Viet Nam
日期:2006/10/27
作者:Viet Nam
文件編號:WT/ACC/VNM/48
附件下載:WTACCVNM48.doc
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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Introduction................................................................................................................................ 1

Documentation provided............................................................................................................ 1

Introductory statements............................................................................................................. 1

ECONOMIC POLICIES............................................................................................................ 2

Monetary and fiscal policy......................................................................................................... 2

Foreign exchange and payments................................................................................................ 5

Investment regime...................................................................................................................... 9

Enterprises that are State-owned or –controlled, or with special or exclusive privileges..... 14

Privatization and equitization.................................................................................................. 21

Pricing policies.......................................................................................................................... 25

Competition policy.................................................................................................................... 27

FRAMEWORK FOR MAKING AND ENFORCING POLICIES......................................... 29

POLICIES AFFECTING TRADE IN GOODS....................................................................... 35

Trading rights (the right to import and export)...................................................................... 35

1.         Import Regulation........................................................................................................ 38

Customs tariff........................................................................................................................... 38

Other duties and charges......................................................................................................... 41

Tariff rate quotas, tariff exemptions....................................................................................... 41

Fees and charges for services rendered................................................................................... 45

Application of internal taxes.................................................................................................... 47

Quantitative import restrictions, including prohibitions, quotas and licensing systems......... 51

Customs valuation.................................................................................................................... 58

Rules of origin.......................................................................................................................... 62

Other customs formalities........................................................................................................ 63

Pre-shipment inspection............................................................................................................ 64

Anti-dumping, countervailing duties, safeguard regimes........................................................ 64

2.         Export Regulation........................................................................................................ 67

Customs tariffs, fees and charges for services rendered, application of internal taxes to exports     67

Export restrictions................................................................................................................... 68

3.         Internal Policies Affecting Foreign Trade in Goods.................................................... 69

Industrial policy, including subsidies........................................................................................ 69

Technical barriers to trade, standards and certification........................................................ 74

Sanitary and phytosanitary measures..................................................................................... 78

Trade-related investment measures (TRIMs).......................................................................... 85

Free zones, special economic areas.......................................................................................... 86

Government procurement........................................................................................................ 88

Trade in civil aircraft............................................................................................................... 89

Transit.......................................................................................................................................... 89

Agricultural policies................................................................................................................. 91

(a)        Imports – description of the types of border protection maintained.......................... 91

(b)        Exports......................................................................................................................... 92

(c)        Internal policies............................................................................................................ 93

Fisheries.................................................................................................................................... 94

TRADE-RELATED INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS (TRIPS)............................... 95

1.         General......................................................................................................................... 95

(a)        Intellectual property protection................................................................................... 95

(b)        Responsible agencies for policy formulation and implementation.............................. 96

(c)        Participation in international intellectual property agreements................................. 96

(d)        Application of national and MFN treatment to foreign nationals............................... 97

(e)        Fees and taxes............................................................................................................... 97

2.         Substantive standards of protection, including procedures for the acquisition and maintenance of intellectual property rights........................................................................................... 98

(a)        Copyright protection.................................................................................................... 98

(b)        Trademarks, including service marks........................................................................ 101

(c)        Geographical indications, including appellations of origin....................................... 103

(d)        Industrial designs........................................................................................................ 105

(e)        Patents........................................................................................................................ 105

(f)        Plant variety protection............................................................................................. 108

(g)        Layout designs of integrated circuits......................................................................... 109

(h)        Requirements on undisclosed information, including trade secrets and test data.... 109

3.         Measures to control abuse of intellectual property rights........................................ 109

4.         Enforcement............................................................................................................... 110

(a)        Civil judicial procedures and remedies...................................................................... 110

(b)        Provisional measures.................................................................................................. 111

(c)        Administrative procedures and remedies.................................................................. 112

(d)        Special border measures............................................................................................ 114

(e)        Criminal procedures................................................................................................... 116

POLICIES AFFECTING TRADE IN SERVICES................................................................ 118

TRANSPARENCY................................................................................................................. 127

Publication of information on trade....................................................................................... 127

Notifications............................................................................................................................ 129

TRADE AGREEMENTS....................................................................................................... 130

CONCLUSIONS..................................................................................................................... 131

ANNEX 1................................................................................................................................ 132

ANNEX 2................................................................................................................................ 139