作者:WTO Secretariat
AGREEMENT ON RULES OF ORIGIN Members, Noting that Ministers on 20 September 1986 agreed that the Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations shall aim to "bring about further liberalization and expansion of world trade", "strengthen the role of GATT" and "increase the responsiveness of the GATT system to the evolving international economic environment"; Desiring to further the objectives of GATT 1994; Recognizing that clear and predictable rules of origin and their application facilitate the flow of international trade; Desiring to ensure that rules of origin themselves do not create unnecessary obstacles to trade; Desiring to ensure that rules of origin do not nullify or impair the rights of Members under GATT 1994; Recognizing that it is desirable to provide transparency of laws, regulations, and practices regarding rules of origin; Desiring to ensure that rules of origin are prepared and applied in an impartial, transparent, predictable, consistent and neutral manner; Recognizing the availability of a consultation mechanism and procedures for the speedy, effective and equitable resolution of disputes arising under this Agreement; Desiring to harmonize and clarify rules of origin; Hereby agree as follows: PART I DEFINITIONS AND COVERAGE Article 1 Rules of Origin 1. For the purposes of Parts I to IV of this Agreement, rules of origin shall be defined as those laws, regulations and administrative determinations of general application applied by any Member to determine the country of origin of goods provided such rules of origin are not related to contractual or autonomous trade regimes leading to the granting of tariff preferences going beyond the application of paragraph 1 of Article I of GATT 1994. 2. Rules of origin referred to in paragraph 1 shall include all rules of origin used in non-preferential commercial policy instruments, such as in the application of: most-favoured-nation treatment under Articles I, II, III, XI and XIII of GATT