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Indonesia - Measures Concerning the Importation of Chicken Meat and Chicken Products - Recourse to article 21.5 of the DSU by Brazil - Report of the Panel
日期:2020/11/10
作者:Dispute Settlement Body
文件編號:WT/DS484/RW
附件下載:WTDS484RW.pdf
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Indonesia – Measures concerning the importation of

chicken meat and chicken products

 

Recourse to Article 21.5 of the DSU by Brazil

Report of the panel

 

 

 


TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

1   Introduction.. 11

1.1   Complaint by Brazil 11

1.2   Panel establishment and composition. 11

1.3   Panel proceeding. 12

1.3.1   General 12

1.3.2   Preliminary ruling. 12

2   Factual aspects. 13

2.1   Measures at issue. 13

2.2   Subsequent amendments to the relevant legal instruments. 14

3   Parties' requests for findings and recommendations. 14

4   Arguments of the parties. 15

5   Arguments of the third parties. 15

6   Interim review.. 16

6.1   Introduction. 16

6.2   Subsequent amendments to relevant legal instruments. 16

6.3   Order of analysis – which versions of the measures to review. 16

6.4   Background on the relevant import licensing procedures in Indonesia. 17

6.5   Delay in approving Brazil's veterinary health certificate. 17

6.6   Positive list requirement 20

6.7   Intended use. 21

6.8   Fixed licence terms. 24

7   Findings. 24

7.1   Order of analysis – which versions of the measures to review. 25

7.2   Background on the relevant import licensing procedures in Indonesia. 26

7.3   Delay in approving Brazil's veterinary health certificate. 28

7.3.1   Introduction. 28

7.3.2   Background on the veterinary health certificate. 28

7.3.3   Relevant findings in the original proceeding. 28

7.3.4   Developments subsequent to the adoption of the panel report in the original
proceeding. 29

7.3.4.1   Up to the end of the RPT. 29

7.3.4.2   Between the end of the RPT and panel establishment 30

7.3.4.3   Since the establishment of the Panel 30

7.3.5   Outline of parties' arguments. 30

7.3.6   Analysis of the Panel 31

7.3.6.1   Order of analysis – whether to review post-panel establishment developments. 31

7.3.6.2   Whether the approval procedure at issue is an SPS approval procedure. 33

7.3.6.2.1   Scope of the approval procedure – whether country of origin only or also business
unit approval 33

7.3.6.3   Whether there is delay in undertaking and completing the approval procedure. 35

7.3.6.4   Whether the delay is undue. 36

7.3.7   Conclusion. 39

7.4   Positive list requirement 39

7.4.1   Introduction. 39

7.4.2   Relevant findings in the original proceeding. 40

7.4.3   Whether the positive list requirement is consistent with Article XI:1 of the GATT 1994
and Article 4.2 of the Agreement on Agriculture. 41

7.4.3.1   As enacted through MoA 42/2019 and MoT 29/2019 as amended (current version) 41

7.4.3.1.1   Outline of the parties' arguments. 41

7.4.3.1.2   Whether the positive list requirement is a prohibition or a restriction on the
importation of chicken meat and chicken products contrary to Article XI:1 of the GATT 1994. 42

7.4.3.1.2.1   Prohibition. 42

7.4.3.1.2.2   Restriction. 43

7.4.3.1.3   Whether the positive list requirement is a quantitative import restriction contrary
to Article 4.2 of the Agreement on Agriculture. 45

7.4.3.2   As enacted through MoA 34/2016 as amended and MoT 29/2019 (version at panel establishment) 46

7.4.3.2.1   Whether the positive list requirement is a prohibition or restriction on the
importation of products contrary to Article XI:1 of the GATT 1994. 46

7.4.3.2.2   Whether the positive list requirement is a quantitative import restriction contrary
to Article 4.2. of the Agreement on Agriculture. 47

7.4.4   Conclusion. 47

7.5   Intended use requirement and its enforcement provisions. 47

7.5.1   Introduction. 47

7.5.2   Relevant findings in the original proceeding. 48

7.5.3   Whether the intended use requirement is inconsistent with Articles III:4 and XI:1 of
the GATT 1994. 49

7.5.3.1   As enacted through MoA 42/2019 and MoT 29/2019 as amended (current version) 49

7.5.3.1.1   Outline of parties' arguments. 50

7.5.3.1.2   Analysis of the Panel 50

7.5.3.1.2.1   Switching uses. 50

7.5.3.1.2.2   Sanctions. 51

Whether the cold storage requirement applies to sales in the market 52

Whether Article 28(a) of MoT 29/2019 as amended applies to breach of cold storage
requirement 53

Whether Article 31 of MoT 29/2019 as amended applies to breach of cold storage
requirement 55

Whether the sanctions result in less favourable treatment contrary to Article III:4 of the
GATT 1994. 57

Whether the sanctions are inconsistent with Article XI:1 of GATT 1994. 58

7.5.3.1.3   Conclusion on current version. 58

7.5.3.1.4   Dissenting opinion. 59

7.5.3.2   As enacted through MoA 34/2016 as amended (version at panel establishment) 60

7.5.4   Conclusion. 61

7.6   Fixed licence terms. 61

7.6.1   Introduction. 61

7.6.2   Relevant findings in the original proceeding. 61

7.6.3   Whether the fixed licence terms are consistent with Article XI:1 of the GATT 1994. 62

7.6.3.1   Outline of the parties' arguments. 62

7.6.3.2   Whether importers are deprived of a genuine possibility to amend the terms of an
import licence. 63

7.6.3.2.1   Whether Indonesia's authorities have undefined discretion to accept or reject a
request for amendment to an Import Recommendation. 63

7.6.3.2.2   Whether the requirement to state reasons and pay a stamp duty is burdensome. 65

7.6.4   Alternatives to amending import licence terms. 66

7.6.5   Conclusion. 67

8   Conclusions and recommendations. 67