2022年當前國際經貿新情勢研討會(2022/8/17)

觀察近期國內外經濟情勢,烏俄戰爭導致國際能源、糧食和商品價格大幅上漲,加上中國疫情封控措施,造成全球供應鏈混亂,加重全球通膨壓力,衝擊經濟復甦;基此,中華經濟研究院WTO及RTA中心特舉辦本次研討會,以提供最新資訊與分析,促進產業及社會大眾掌握最新國際經貿情勢之發展,提早因應準備。

2021年國際經貿機會與挑戰網路研討會:2022年全球經貿展望(2021/12/14)

2021年疫情反覆持續,供應鏈重組擴大,地緣政治競爭加溫,造成國際經貿無形的威脅,全球政經體系不斷面臨著嚴峻的挑戰。2021年經歷了的動盪,2022年全球經貿情況會更好還是更壞?中華經濟研究院WTO及RTA中心特與台灣服務業聯盟協會、全國工業總會合作辦理本研討會,提供最新臺灣經濟成長預測及國際經貿的機會與展望分析,搶先布局2022!

La perspectiva china del orden liberal internacional: ¿nuevo orden mundial?

- By Escamilla, Cristina Melero

出處:RELACIONES INTERNACIONALES-MADRID
出版月(日)年:2024 FEB-MAY
卷(期),頁碼:10.15366/relacionesinternacionales2024.55.005

 

The global landscape is experiencing a dramatic shift, largely shaped by China's ascent as a major economic and political force. The aim of this research is to analyze China's stance on the international liberal order, to scrutinize whether China is currently proposing an alternative model of a world order and to scan how it differs from the current order. It relies on a foundation of multidimensional theoretical and methodological approach, delving into academic literature on the crisis of the liberal order and China's stance. This study incorporates pertinent economic, demographic, and political data to help the comprehension of a spectrum of perspectives, which involves referring to books, academic articles, and reports from international organizations to establish a solid historical and conceptual framework concerning the decline of the international liberal order and China's current aspirations regarding the world order. The theoretical framework of this study encompasses liberal theory, the root of International Liberalism, intertwined with realist and constructivist theories of International Relations. It also considers hegemony theory's principles and their correlation with the evolution of international orders, as well as global governance theory and its interplay with present and future challenges. This endeavor seeks to offer a comprehensive understanding of the dynamics and shifts in the international order which is long led by Western nations and championing democracy, human rights, and free trade and is now undergoing a significant crisis. This crisis can be scrutinized: Firstly, a legitimacy crisis has arisen due to growing inequality, lack of representation, and widespread corruption, eroding trust in institutions. Secondly, a rise in populism and nationalism has shifted focus towards protectionist policies, challenging international cooperation. Lastly, the rise of China as a major player has led to tensions, revealing the flaws and limitations of the current liberal international order. These crises can be partly explained by significant challenges to the liberal order since 2016, marked by major social and political shifts such as Trump's presidency, Brexit, migration crises, US -China trade tensions, and the impact of covid-19 on the production model, among others. China's rise has sparked fundamental questions about the future trajectory of the global system. Historically, China has prioritized sovereignty and non-interference in other countries' internal affairs, a stance rooted in their past experiences with colonization and resistance to foreign intervention. Economic growth and international trade are vital aspects of China's international strategies, which have seen remarkable economic development since Deng Xiaoping's era of reforms in 1978, which lead to China becoming a major player in global trade after joining the WTO in 2001. Since Xi Jinping's presidency in 2008, China's participation in international institutions has played a more proactive role in maintaining global public goods, albeit with a focus on its own economic and development interests. This also has been possible by developing a more assertive foreign policy, often referred to as "wolf warrior diplomacy," characterized by a stronger defense of Chinese interests and an increase in military capabilities. The recent conflict in Ukraine has shed light on China's stance toward the international liberal order.

   China's neutral, pro -Russian position in the conflict, avoiding strong condemnation of the invasion and abstaining from critical United Nations votes, underscores its strategy to steer clear of direct clashes and portray an image of global stability and pacifism. Additionally, the Ukraine War has had significant global impacts on the economy, security, and international balance. Western countries are most affected and strongly condemn Putin's actions. However, Asian and "Global South" nations have a less clear stance. China's position is heavily influenced by its economic, political, and strategic interests worldwide. China, with its increasing global influence, has emerged as a potential mediator in the conflict, presenting a peace plan to end the destabilizing confrontation. China's role in this crisis is crucial as it is both a Russian ally and a rising global power. From an economic point of view, China is being heavily impacted by the instability in the Black Sea region, affecting energy prices and supply security. Nowadays China is facing severe economic challenges, including a slowdown, attributed to its extreme Zero-Covid policy. The country also grapples with a housing crisis and rising debt, leading to increased youth unemployment and decreased foreign investment. The US technological embargo further worsens China's economic and technological situation. However, from a political side, China and Russia have strengthened their strategic partnership, as they are both promoting a "multipolar world" in which rules are no longer based in western countries interest's and. Both nations resist unipolarity and external interference. China's response to the invasion balances its economic interests with respect for international principles and regional stability. Therefore, China's stance is complex, reflecting its intricate interests and diplomatic approach. Initially, it abstained from UN resolutions on Crimea due to its non-interference policy. During the invasion, China abstained from condemning Russia in the UN Security Council, showcasing a calculated neutrality. China aspires to be a responsible global actor, emphasizing diplomacy and engagement. It has maintained direct communication with all parties involved, proposing a 12 -point peace plan. While this plan might not have an immediate impact, it positions China as a mediator and a responsible actor preparing for its inevitable role in ending the conflict. The central question revolves around whether China's perspective will usher in a new world order. While the international liberal order is unlikely to completely vanish, it is undeniably undergoing profound transformations under the influence of China and other emerging powers. The future of the global system hinges on nations' capacity to adapt to these shifting realities and undertake substantial reforms to discover common ground in an increasingly intricate and interconnected world. The purpose of this work is to contribute a new perspective to the field of study on this matter. Starting from the premise that there is a clear crisis in the international liberal order, evidenced by the deterioration and delegitimization of the structures and institutions created after World War II and led by the West, we should ask ourselves:What is China's perspective on international relations?

第十九屆國際經貿法學發展學術研討會論文集

楊光華

本書為「國立政治大學國際經貿組織法律研究中心」
所舉辦之第十九屆「國際經貿法學發展學術研討會」論文集,收錄了
論歐盟新著作權指令草案對網路產業發展的影響國際投資保障協定「適法性條款」之適用與效力——以Fraportv. Philippines為核心
國際投資仲裁下先行裁決程序之規範與實踐
從WTO「澳洲一菸品素面包裝案」論必要性與合理性作為合法政策空間之衡噩標準
當「杜哈公共衛生宣言」遇上TRIPS-Plus——藥品專利連結是否會阻礙強制授權的實施

除上述專題論文外,本書更收錄會議當曰之WTO改革圓桌論埴及專題論文討論實錄,盼能完整呈現與會先進觀點•以饗讀者。


Vestager: Shared AI standards can help ‘enable’ EU-U.S. marketplace

- By Margaret Spiegelman

日期:2024/4/11
出處:Inside U.S. Trade

Common standards for assessing risks posed by artificial intelligence tools under development by the U.S. and the European Union will help facilitate a trans-Atlantic marketplace, European Commission Executive Vice President Margrethe Vestager said in Washington on Wednesday, contending that consumers will “embrace” the technology if they trust it is safe.



~ 若您對這篇文章有興趣,可親自到中心圖書館查閱。 ~

  • WTOCommittee on Trade Facilitation【會議議程文件:WTO/AIR/TFA/28】(2024/4/16~2024/4/17)
  • WTOTrade Policy Review Body - Morocco【會議議程文件:WTO/AIR/TPR/157】(2024/4/22~2024/4/24)
  • WTOCommittee on Trade and Environment【會議議程文件:WTO/AIR/CTE/23】(2024/4/24~2024/4/25)
  • WTOMeeting of the TRIPS Council【會議議程文件:WTO/AIR/IP/51】(2024/4/25~2024/4/26)

    環境有益商品現今仍缺乏全球一致性定義,僅有聯合國永續發展委員會(UNCTAD)對此提出初步概念,其將EPPs定義為─在商品生命週期期間,相較其他可供選擇且可達到相同用途目的之商品,能夠更顯著地減少對環境所造成之傷害,具備此一特性類型的商品即可稱作「環境有益商品」(EPPs)。目前專家所建議的EPPs種類範圍包含:有機農業產品、結合地域及生物多樣性的生產之天然纖維、可再利用產品、生物殺蟲劑、非木材之農產品、天然染料製成之產品等。許多開發中國家更積極主張將EPPs(尤其是有機農產品的部分)納入環保商品的清單範圍。

    Environmentally Preferable Products, EPPs 環境有益商品